ATSDR Publishes Tox Profiles for Five Chemicals, Including 1-BP
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) recently published final toxicological profiles for 1-bromopropane (1-BP), DEET (N,N-diethyl-meta-toluamide), glutaraldehyde, nitrate and nitrite, and toluene. ATSDR toxicological profiles characterize the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for hazardous substances. Each peer-reviewed profile includes a public health statement intended to summarize a substance’s relevant properties in non-technical language. Health and toxicologic information on the potential for human exposure; analytical methods; regulations, advisories, and guidelines; and production, import, use, and disposal can also be found in ATSDR’s toxicological profiles. A full list of toxic substances with published profiles is available on the agency’s website.
Earlier this year, the California Department of Public Health (CDPH) published a health hazard alert that includes cancer on the list of negative health effects that may be caused by exposure to the solvent 1-BP, which is used in degreasing, spray adhesives, aerosol solvents, and dry cleaning. According to OSHA and NIOSH, exposure to 1-BP can cause irritation of the eyes, mucous membranes, upper airways, and skin, and has also been linked to neurological illness. In addition, animal studies show that exposure to 1-BP may cause cancer and reproductive disorders. In August, NIOSH published a skin notation profile for 1-BP that provides information such as relevant data used to help determine the hazards associated with skin exposures to 1-BP.